HENNEQUIN, René. Avant les photographies - Les portraits au physionotrace gravés de 1788 à 1830 - Catalogue nominatif, biographique et critique illustré des deux premières séries de ces portraits comprenant les 1800 estampes cotées de "1" à " R 27".
A physiognotrace or physionotrace is an instrument designed to trace a person's physiognomy, most specifically the profile in the form of a silhouette: it originated in France where it is known as the physionotrace. It was invented by Gilles-Louis Chrétien in 1785.
This book consists in two series, which are : "1ère série - La société parisienne à la veille de la Révolution : portraits dessinés par Quenedey et gravés par Chrétien (1788-1789)" and "2ème série - Au temps de la Révolution. Citadins de Paris et parisiens par occasions : portraits dessinés et gravés par Quenedey (1789-1796).".
Rare copy of this book on the History of the projection of images at the beginning of the 20th century, from the magic lantern to the invention of the cinematogragh, from the projection of still images to animated ones.
Its content is both historical and very technical.
Historical and technical book about the stereoscope.
The stereoscope is a device for viewing a stereoscopic pair of separate images, depicting left-eye and right-eye views of the same scene, as a single three-dimensional image.
Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749-1827) is a mathematician, astronomer, physicist and French politician. He is one of the leading scientists of the Napoleonic period. Indeed, he has made fundamental contributions in various fields of Mathematics, Astronomy and Probability Theory. He was one of the most influential scientists of his time, including his assertion of determinism. He contributed decisively to the emergence of Mathematical Astronomy.
The first edition of "L'exposition du système du monde" dates from 1796. The text of this book is from the 1835 edition, which was revised and corrected by the author himself.
This book contains the first nine lectures in the collection of "Conférences d'actualités scientifiques et industrielles" gathering by The Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers de Paris.
SOMERVILLE, Mary. De la connexion des sciences physiques ou exposé simple et rapide de tous les principaux phénomènes astronomiques, physiques, chimiques, géologiques et météorologiques ; accompagné des découvertes et expériences les plus remarquables des savans modernes, tant français qu'étrangers.
First French translation, under the supervision of Mr. Arago, by Mrs. T. Meulien.
Mary Somerville (1780-1872) was a Scottish writer and scientist during an era when women's participation in the field of Science was undeveloped and non-recognized.
She translated and popularized Laplace's "Celestial Mechanics" and brought John Couch Adams to search and discover the planet Neptune.
PASCAL, Blaise || STROWSKI, Fortunat. Oeuvres complètes publiées avec une biographie, des introductions, des notes et des tables par Fortunat Strowski. Préface par Pierre de Nolhac. Tome I : Biographie - Oeuvres scientifiques.
This edtion of 1923 was published on large paper copy, with 20 on Holland paper. Our copy is the n°11.
This book (volume 1) includes a biography of Pascal and the texts of his scientific works.
(the other volumes 2 and 3 published in 1926 and 1929) consist of his literary and philosophical texts.).
This book is a biography of William Higgins (1763 - 1825), who was an Irish chemist and writer. He studied chemistry with his uncle, Bryan Higgins, who was also a chemist. He is best known for his important work on industrial chemistry and his research, which focuses on atomic theory and "ultimate" particle combinations, and has inspired other scientists.
Following the biography, two of his texts are reproduced: "A comparative view of the phlogistic and anti-phlogistic theories" and "Experiments and observations on the atomic theory and electrical phenomena".
First edition of this work in which Vallemont provides a detailed description of the armillary sphere constructed by Jean Pigeon d’Osangi for Louis XIV, the first to be based on Copernicus heliocentric system.
[LA BEAUMELLE, L. Anglivel de || VOLTAIRE || EULER, Leonhard & MAUPERTUIS & MERIAN]. Recueil de quatre ouvrages :
1. [LA BEAUMELLE, L. Anglivel de]. Lettre du czar Pierre à Mr de Voltaire sur son histoire de Russie. 1761. sn, sl
2. [LA BEAUMELLE, L. Anglivel de]. Réponse au supplément du siècle de Louis XIV, 1754, Colmar.
3. [VOLTAIRE, François-Marie- Arouet (dit)], Histoire abrégée des religions du monde, ou l'analyse de l'Encyclopédie de Voltaire, première partie, [Seconde partie,] 1770. Cramer, Genève
4. EULER, Leohnard & MAUPERTUIS & MERIAN. Lettres concernant le jugement de l'Académie Royale des sciences et belles-lettres de Prusse, Paris, chez Durand et Pissot, 1753.
First editions of these four book in one volume.
The two books "Lettre du czar Pierre à Mr de Voltaire sur son histoire de Russie" and "Réponse au supplément du siècle de Louis XIV" highlight a discord between two French intellectuals: Beaumelle (1726-1773) and Voltaire (1694 -1778).
The quarrel begins when La Beaumelle refuses to showt the letters from La Maintenon, which he owned, to Voltaire. Then follows a literary quarrel in which La Beaumelle undertakes to correct the errors of the following writings by Voltaire "Les Anecdotes sur le czar Pierre le Grand" and "l'Histoire de l'empire de Russie sous Pierre le Grand".
Then, La Beaumelle became "the enemy" of Voltaire and the two men can not be reconciled.
The third book is a condensed work written by Voltaire, in order to present his encyclopedia to be published later (it will be a major work). Voltaire explains his philosophical and theological reflections on God, idolatry, monotheistic and polytheistic religions.
This fourth book is related to a controversy between Maupertuis and König.
Indeed in 1744, Maupertuis exposes his "principle of the least action" which is an important principle of physics (according to which the dynamics of a physical quantity can be deduced from a single magnitude called action. Fundamental principles of physics can be formulated from this principle.).
In 1753, König publishes an article claiming the primacy of this discovery to Leibniz. Voltaire supports this version and will constantly ridicule Maupertuis, until breaking his privileged relationship with the King of Prussia, Frederic II who support Maupertuis.
This book contains the text of the letters by Euler, Merian and Maupertuis, defending the work of the latter. It mainly questioning the authenticity of a Leibniz's letter on which König relies on, quoting only extracts.
In fact, even if since the authenticity of the writing of Leibniz is recognized and that work on the subject had been conducted before by Fermat and Leibniz, the contribution of Maupertuis is decisive.
This principle was rigorously demonstrated by Lagrange in 1760.
This book by Victor Cousin (1792-1867) consists in several texts dealing with Cartesian Philosophy, as well as letters between Malebranche and Mairan, and between Malebranche and Leibnitz (unpublished).
Victor Cousin is a French philosopher, leader of the "École Éclectique". He edited the works of Descartes, translated Plato and Proclus, wrote a "Histoire de la philosophie au XVIIIème siècle" in 1829, "Du Vrai, du Beau et du Bien" in 1853, and several monographs on famous women of the seventeenth century.
He is considered in France as the founder of the tradition of history studies of Philosophy and the reformer of philosophical teaching in high schools.
ACADÉMIE ROYALE DES SCIENCES || FANTET DE LAGNY, Thomas. Analyse générale ou méthodes nouvelles pour résoudre les problèmes de tous les genres et de tous les degrez à l'infini.
Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences. Depuis 1666 jusqu'à 1699. Tome XI.
This volume contains articles from Roberval :
- Observations sur la composition des mouvemens & sur le moyen de trouver les touchantes des lignes courbes.
- Traité des indivisibles.
- De Trochoide ejusque spatio.
SAVERIEN, Alexandre. Histoire des progrès de l'esprit humain dans les sciences naturelles et dans les arts qui en dépendent; savoir : L'Espace, le Vuide, le Temps, le Mouvement et le Lieu. La Matière ou les Corps. La Terre. L'Eau. L'Air. Le Son. Le Feu. La Lumière et les Couleurs. L'Electricité. L'Astronomie. Le Globe terrestre. L'Economie Animale. La Chimie. La Verrerie. La Teinture. Avec un Abrégé de la Vie des plus célèbres Auteurs dans ces Sciences.