Interesting life than that of Count De La Garaye (1675-1755), touched with his wife by a family death, the "charitable spouses" decide to devote themselves to medicine and transform their castle into a hospice for the poor. Their chemistry works were promoted by Louis XV who encouraged the Count to publish them.
Second edition printed by Chardon.
ideas that appear in this book laid the firm foundation for Lavoisier's
claim to the title as "the father of modern chemistry". 13 engravings
from Paulze Lavoisier (author's wife).
Scientific memoirs written by Jean Baptiste de Secondat only son of Montesquieu who escapes the legal career planned by his father to devote himself to science.
In addition to observations on the hot springs, he recounts his experiences in the Pyrenean summits on thermometers and the melting and boiling points of water.
Claude François Duchanoy (1742-1827) is a French doctor who sets out here to artificially reproduce the benefits of mineral water in order to benefit the greatest number.
"No matter how effective mineral water is, it is not found everywhere; the People, this precious branch of humanity, cannot benefit from it, the costs which it is necessary to make to go to seek this help & the distance which it forces, allow only a small number of people of user ”(the author in the preface).
[ROUELLE, Guillaume François || CADET, Louis Claude || VENEL, Gabriel-François || BAYEN, Pierre ]. Analyses chimiques des nouvelles eaux minérales, vitrioliques, ferrugineuses, découvertes à Passy dans la maison de Madame de Calsabigi.
Three books on the discovery and analysis of Passy, Spa and Aumale mineral waters.
The first is the greatly enlarged reissue of the two brochures published in 1755 on the chemical analysis of the waters discovered at Passy on the Casalbigi property. We find there the analyzes of the famous chemists Rouelle and Cadet as well as those of Venel and Bayen.
We find bound to the following:
- LIMBOURG, Traité des eaux minérales de Spa, Leide, Elie Luzac fil, 1754
- MARTEAU, Dissertation sur les eaux nouvellement découvertes, à Aumale en Normandie, Paris, Vincent, 1759
Analysis of the waters of Saint-Jouan, Veau-garni, Saint-suliac, Dicq and Dinan with the properties of their uses.
Chifoliau (1757-1794) doctor in Saint-Malo is the first to reveal the existence of the source of Saint-suliac hitherto used only by shepherds.
Joseph Raulin (1708-1784) doctor, who is also known for his work on obstetrics was commissioner and general inspector of mineral waters. He will notably publish a very beautiful work listing French mineral waters.
Here his recommendations for Pougues mineral waters. The mineral water of Pougues-les-eaux was sold continuously from 1768 to 1971 and made the fortune of this small village in the Nièvre.
Following is the chemical analysis performed by Costel, Master apothecary of Paris.
Curious work promoting Guérin's machine intended to produce steam for the Baths. The steam generator is inspired by Denis Papin's machine and coupled with different ovens either for the whole body or for the seat alone.
The novelty lies in the possibility of regulating vapors and showers precisely.
Book written in response to a work published under the title of Instruction on the use of mineral waters, in which one had sought to depress the reputation of the waters of Saint-Amand.
First edition of the french translation by Dreux.
"It is through lime that the Author discovered this general principle innate in all bodies, & which is its true elementary principle, this principle which constitutes fatty acid or acidum pingue substance known to the ancient chymists, [. ..] which defines it as a singular being & composed of a particular acid & of the matter of fire, & from which, according to him, all other acids derive. This acid must be called primitive acid. " (extract from the warning).
Curious theory of pingue acid, primitive principle which was to combine by transmitting the character of causticity to various compounds.
This book contains many craft secrets for the decorative arts with the recipes of varnishes, ink, dyes useful to painters, engravers, jewelers, cabinetmakers, perfumers ... A real treasure for the restorers of objects of the eighteenth century.
CHAMBON, Joseph. Principes de physique, rapportés à la médecine-pratique
[qui comprend le]
Traité des métaux et des minéraux, et des remèdes qu'on peut en tirer. Avec dissertations sur le sel & le soufre des philosophes, & sur la goute, la gravelle, la petite vérole, la rougeole & autres maladies : avec un grand nombre de remèdes choisis.
In this book, Antoine Baumé (1728-1804, French pharmacist and chemist) explained the phlogiston theory. This theory is a superseded scientific theory that postulated that a fire-like element called phlogiston is contained within combustible bodies and released during combustion.
RECUEIL MEMOIRES ACADEMIES SCIENCES. Recueil des mémoires les plus intéressants de chymie, et d'histoire naturelle, contenus dans les actes de l'Académie d'Upsal, et dans les mémoires de l'Académie royale des sciences de Stockolm; publiés depuis 1720 jusqu'en 1760.
Paris, Recueil des mémoires les plus interessants de chymie et d'histoire naturelle, contenus dans les actes de l'Académie d'Upsal, et dans les mémoires de l'Académie royale des sciences de Stockolm, publiés depuis 1720 jusqu'en 1760, 1764.
This book consists in several dissertations by Swedish scientists and some by Georg Brandt (1694-1768), a Swedish chemist and mineralogist who discovered cobalt in 1735, while trying to prove that bismuth was not the only element that could be used to colour glass) and André Celsius (1701-1744), a Swedish scientist best known for having created a relative temperature scale whose unity, the Celsius degree (°C), honours his name.
Paul-Jacques Malouin (1701-1778) is a French chemist and doctor. This chemistry treatise is intended for the use of doctors and pharmacists, it mainly offers preparations based on metals (mercury, antimony ..) and salts (tartar, ammonia ..).
A rare work by Pierre Le Givre (1618-1684) French doctor who had made a specialty of the study of mineral waters.
The book is particularly interested in the water of Provins, the author attempts an analysis of its composition and publishes several letters from his opponents to which he responds.
Marie Meurdrac (1610-1680) is a French chemist, "Dame de compagnie of the Countess of Guiche, she studies chemistry and pharmacy in her own laboratory, fairly well equipped.It distributes drugs, drugs and ointments free to the poor, this which allows him to test different recipes. " (Wikipedia).
POTT, Johann Heinrich. Lithogéognosie ou examen chymique des pierres et des terres en général, et du talc, de la topaze & de la stéatite en particulier, avec une dissertation sur le Feu & sur la Lumière.
First edition in French.
One of the last important books published by George Berkeley (1685-1753), an Irish Anglican philosopher and bishop.
Tar water was a medicine widely used in the Middle Ages, with a very bad taste and made from water and pine or birch tar.
Emmanuel Bonafos-Siau (1774-1854) was a doctor and botanist in Perpignan.
First edition of this rare booklet on medical effects of antimony.
We notice the typographic fleurons typical from the revolutionary period.
First edition signed by the author Gerhard Reumont (1765-1828).
German doctor, Reumont works in Aachen from 1793. In 1804, he works on the thermal journey of Impératrice Joséphine. Then by order of Napoléon he becomes "thermal waters inspector" .
Aix was part of the French Empire until 1814, and the spa being frequented by the imperial couple, Reumont and Monheim published their study in French.